As generally understood, public transport refers to various modes of transportation that have the following common attributes: (a) they are readily available to the general public; (b) they usually (but not always) run along fixed routes with defined stops, with passenger fares set accordingly; and (c) they usually (but not always) run based on a scheduled timetable.
The infamous Marcos era from 1966 to 1986, including the 14 years of fascist dictatorship, saw the further worsening of semi-colonial and semi-feudal system despite superficial indicators of economic growth. Viewed as factors for changes in the transportation system, the overall trends established in the past period continued. These include a fast-growing population and chaotic urbanization, the dominance of export-oriented production amid the exhaustion of frontiers, deepening semi-feudalism, and rural stagnation devoid of real industrialization.
The early post-World War II or pre-Marcos period (1946-1965) saw basically the continuation and intensification of the semi-feudal socioeconomic system in the whole country, under the neocolonial setup and the acceleration of “growth trends” (actually the seeds of crises) that emerged before the war. In this section, we focus more specifically on the impacts of urbanization as seen in Metro Manila, and the impacts of the nationwide expansion of roads and motor vehicles.
The bigger and more dramatic push was in building railways. In 1875, the Spanish government authorized a Manila committee to propose railways projects. Three lines were suggested, totaling 1,730 km of track: the Manila-Dagupan line (which was to be extended later to Laoag); the Manila-Bicol line, which would reach Albay; and the Manila-Batangas route that would reach Taal town.
Here we trace a brief history of Philippine transportation especially with the country’s entry into world commerce in the 19th and 20th century, and offer some insights about the patterns of growth of our transport system in the broader context of developing Philippine society and economy.
BAGUIO CITY — On the note, “Boses ni karadan en onong”. (the voice of the people is law) elders from the Igorot communities of Baguio convened an assembly for the purpose of updating and deciding on the issues being raised by some quarters on the non-affirmation of the selected indigenous peoples mandatory reprsentative (IPMR) to the City council of Baguio was called Saturday, September 23.
BAGUIO CITY — Katinnulong Dagiti Umili ti Amianan Inc. (In aide of the people of the North or Kaduami), a non-government organization dedicated in delivering development works and services to the marginalized people in North Luzon calls for a stop to what they call systematic harassment against two of its members.
SANTIAGO CITY — Kinondena ng maka-kalikasang organisasyon, residente, at grupo ng karapatang pantao ang pagbabansag ng elemento ng militar sa ilalim ng 84th IB sa mga NGO at mamamayan ng Brgy. Dine na sila diumano ay “supporter” ng rebeldeng New People’s Army (NPA).
VIGAN CITY — Church leaders and human rights advocates gathered today, September 21 at the Heritage City of Vigan to commemorate the 45th anniversary of Martial Law and launch the Movement Against Tyranny (MAT) in Ilocos Sur.
BAGUIO CITY — The afternoon rain did not stop Baguio protesters from staging a march rally in response to the call for a national day of protest against extrajudicial killings, martial law and tyranny on September 21, the 45th anniversary of the declaration of martial law in the country.
MANILA — Police officers and security guards of a high class hotel in Pasay were not able to stop more than 300 Igorots, other indigenous peoples and Moros who stormed the Philippine Mining conference on September 6 to condemn the unhampered plunder of their ancestral lands by mining companies.
PASAY CITY — Lumahok ang mga katutubong Ifugao mula sa Didipio, Kasibu probinsya ng Nueva Vizcaya upang irehistro ang kanilang paglaban sa expansion at operation ng Australian mining company na OceanaGold Philippines Inc. (OGPI).