The early post-World War II or pre-Marcos period (1946-1965) saw basically the continuation and intensification of the semi-feudal socioeconomic system in the whole country, under the neocolonial setup and the acceleration of “growth trends” (actually the seeds of crises) that emerged before the war. In this section, we focus more specifically on the impacts of urbanization as seen in Metro Manila, and the impacts of the nationwide expansion of roads and motor vehicles.
The bigger and more dramatic push was in building railways. In 1875, the Spanish government authorized a Manila committee to propose railways projects. Three lines were suggested, totaling 1,730 km of track: the Manila-Dagupan line (which was to be extended later to Laoag); the Manila-Bicol line, which would reach Albay; and the Manila-Batangas route that would reach Taal town.
Here we trace a brief history of Philippine transportation especially with the country’s entry into world commerce in the 19th and 20th century, and offer some insights about the patterns of growth of our transport system in the broader context of developing Philippine society and economy.
MANILA — This World Food Day, on October 16, is the international day of action that tackles issues pertaining to global hunger and malnutrition focusing on the fundamental concept of food and adequate nutrition as a basic human right.
BAGUIO CITY — Impablaak ti Human Rights Victims’ Claims Board (HRVCB) ti maikadua a parsial a listaan ti Martial Law claimants (2,035) iti website ken facebook-da ken iti dua a diario idi Setiembre 21, 28 ken intono Oktubre 5, 2017.
The President declared the anniversary date of the declaration of martial law by then president Ferdinand Marcos as the first national day of protest, as if to steal and take away the thunder from the legitimate protest and rage of the Filipino people against the oppressive fascist dictators’ rule of the country.
Duterte also greeted the Muslim population a Happy New Year. September 21 is also the Islamic New Year or Amun Jadid celebrated by all Muslims the world over. But he did not say anything about the immediate end of martial law over the Island of Mindanao where most of the Muslim population of the country are located.
I am dedicating my column for this issue to the Lakbayanis, to the Igorots of the Cordillera. They, who endured the hot and bustling atmosphere of the National Capital Region, away from the cold and green environment they are accustomed to. As the song goes – bannog, puyat ken bisin… tudo, pudot ken lamin… they have withstood all, to deliver the message of resistance against national oppression, tyranny and plunder.
Uppat a pulo ken lima (45) a tawen ti napalabas manipud indeklara ti dati a diktador Ferdinand Marcos idi Setyembre 21, 1972 ti Martial Law. Daytoy a nasipnget a paset ti pakaistoryaan ti mangipaneknek ti pasismo ti estado, todo-todo a ranggas a saan makatao; ken ti nakalkaldaang a resulta na daytoy ti mangipalagip iti nagbalin a panaglaban ti umili para kadagiti demokratiko a karbengan ken pagsayaatan da.
On September 21, 1972, then Pres. Ferdinand E. Marcos declared martial law in our country in the guise “to save the republic and reform society.” But, what happened in the more than a decade of Marcos Rule was the very opposite of what the regime had claimed to do and to be. Our country was plunged into the long dark nights of fascist rule, where crying and weeping of widows and orphans were heard all over the land amidst the sarcastic laughter and merriment of the powers-that-be feasting lavishly on the riches and beauty of our motherland.