By RANDY FELIX P. MALAYAO
“Gusto nating mangyari, sa katapusan ng 2018, wala nang CPP-NPA kahit isa, sa buong Pilipinas,” Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) chief Eduardo Año said in his speech at the Eastern Mindanao Command on Tuesday evening, October 17. (What we want to happen, at the end of 2018, is for there to be no more CPP-NPA in the whole of the Philippines).
This audacious and bold declaration is backed by Oplan Kapayapaan, the counter-insurgency program of the Duterte administration faithfully patterned after US’ Counterinsurgency (COIN) doctrine.
COIN is a comprehensive civilian and military effort taken to simultaneously defeat and contain insurgency.
A century of brutality
Armed intervention in the Philippines was massive and brutal as the US colonized the country in 1899. The US poured and directly unleashed its military forces in counter guerrilla operations against the revolutionary forces fighting foreign occupation. It was one of the most violent of all of the US’ wars of aggression.
More than one million Filipinos were killed from 1899 up to the early years of the 20th century. The US tried to assuage the people’s widespread and intense anger against armed suppression through the succeeding “pacification” campaign and spread of pro-US culture. The combination of killings and sugar-coated bullets formed the first US COIN [counter-insurgency] program in the Philippines.
Since the establishment of the neocolonial republic in 1946, the US counterrevolutionary war in the Philippines has been enforced through puppet governments. US officials and troops have strongly intervened in military campaigns of suppression by training, supervising and providing advice to AFP officers and designing, monitoring and outrightly directing COIN plans and campaigns.
In the face of the brutal counterrevolutionary war in the 1950s, the revisionist leadership of the old party did nothing but retreat and hide, until it was thoroughly isolated and vanquished. The old army eventually disbanded, with its remnants becoming “roving rebel bands.”
People’s war advanced anew when the Communist Party of the Philippines was reestablished under the Marxist-Leninist-Maoist framework in December 26, 1968 and formed the New People’s Army on March 29, 1969.
US imperialism and its puppet reactionary state have failed to defeat it despite various versions of the COIN campaign: Oplan Katatagan under Marcos, Oplan Mamamayan under Cory Aquino, Oplan Lambat Bitag and Oplan Unlad-Bayan under Ramos, Oplan Makabayan and Oplan Balangai under Estrada, and Oplan Bantay Laya under Gloria Arroyo, Oplan Bayanihan under Benigno Aquino and Oplan Bayanihan and now Oplan Kapayapaan under Rodrigo Duterte.
In the process of facing and overcoming these oplans, the revolutionary movement has accumulated a wealth of lessons, avoided serious setbacks, dealt heavy blows on the state forces and advanced the people’s war with utmost dedication and determination.
Under a resurgent revolutionary movement, the militarist one year target to wipe out the CPP-NPA under Oplan Kapayapaan, like the previous targets by the state, shall also fail.
Frustrate US intervention
It is imperative for the various forces – revolutionary, patriotic and progressive forces – to frustrate the bloody, intense and expanded US military intervention in the country (especially after the Marawi siege where the US forces practically directed the military operations due to their control of intelligence and logistics), as well as expose and oppose the explicit violations of the sovereignty of the country in the fields of economy and politics.
Relentlessly expose the key pro-US fascists in Duterte’s cabinet such as Lorenzana, Ano and Esperon. They are the lapdogs and vanguards of the US COIN. Oppose the militarization or the filling of executive positions of retired AFPs as part of the unified consolidation of the fascist and pro-US holders of the government.
Through education campaigns, the people must understand the character of the US-Duterte regime as subservient to the dictates of US imperialism; the interaction of military intervention in the US’s wish to protect its economic interests; and the nature of rotten neocolonial state.
There must be a campaign for the abrogation of unequal agreements that are used as a legal basis for US intrusion in the country like the Mutual Defense Treaty, the Visiting Forces Agreement, the Mutual Logistics Support Agreement and the Enhanced Defense Cooperation Agreement must be advanced.
Vigorously protest the visit of President Trump in the country this November to show our opposition to US imperialist policies. Encourage participation in activities in Manila and Clark, Pampanga from November 10 to November 14. Develop and enlarge a broad alliance against foreign intervention; and seek international solidarity and support. # nordis.net